УДК / UDK: 821.161.1.0

2021 №22

Author: Natalia P. Generalova
About the author:

Natalia P. Generalova — DSc in Philology, Leading Research Fellow, Institute of Russian Literature (Pushkin House) of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Makarov Emb. 4, 199034 St. Petersburg, Russia.

E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 

Author 2: Mikhail V. Kozmenko
About the author 2:

Mikhail V. Kozmenko — PhD in Philology, Leading Research Fellow, А.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Povarskaya 25 а, 121069 Moscow, Russia.


E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 


This is the first complete publication of Leonid Andreev’s letters to his first lover, Zinaida Nikolaevna Sibileva. The course of their relationships between 1889 and 1892 was stormy and very uneven. The letters reveal a lot of previously unknown features of Andreev’s life as a schoolboy and student. But more important is a certain diary of writer’s “mental states” reflected in them, the stream of his complex, sometimes “borderline” psychological experiences. Believing (with a reference to the authority of Maupassant) that the letters most accurately highlight the personality of a person, that they “reveal the soul without any embellishment,” Andreev at the same time regarded his epistolary opuses (as well as his diaries) as a kind of writing exercise.

Keywords: Leonid Andreev, writer’s biography, letters, archives, Russian literature of the early 20th century, the culture of modernism.
For citation:

“Leonid Andreev’s Letters to Zinaida Sibileva. Part 1 (1890–1891),” text prep. by N.P. Generalova, comm. by M.V. Kozmenko. Literaturnyi fakt, no. 4 (22), 2021, pp. 49–135. (In Russ.) 


1. Adres-kalendar` Orlovskoi gubernii [Orel Government Address Book]. Orel, Izdatel'stvo Orlovskogo gubernskogo statisticheskogo obshchestva Publ., 1885. 263 p. (In Russ.)

2. Andreev, Leonid. “Dnevnik 1891 –1892 gg.” [“189 –1892: The Dairy”], publ. by N.P. Generalova. Ezhegodnik Rukopisnogo otdela Pushkinskogo Doma na 1991 g. [The Yearbook of the Pushkin House's Manuscript Department for 1991]. St. Petersburg, 1994, pp. 81–142. (In Russ.)

3. Andreev, L.N. Dnevnik. 1897 –1901 gg. [ The Dairy. 1897–1901], text prep. by M.V. Kozmenko and L.V. Khachaturian (co-authored with L.D. Zatulovskaia), comp. and comm. by M.V. Kozmenko. Moscow, IWL RAS Publ., 2009. 296 p. (In Russ.)

4. Andreev, L.N. Polnoe sobranie sochinenii i pisem: v 23 t. [Complete Works and Letters: in 23 vols.], vol. 1. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 2005. 808 p. (In Russ.)

5. “’Da, vy drug, istinnyj drug…’ Pis'ma Leonida Andreeva k L.N. Dmitrievoj (1891–1892)” [“’Yes, you are a friend, a true friend…’ Leonid Andreev’s Letters to L.N. Dmitrieva (1891–1892)”], introd., text prep. and comm. by L.D. Zatulovskaia. Leonid Andreev: Materialy i issledovaniia [Leonid Andreev: Materials and Research], issue 2. Moscow, IWL RAS Publ., 2012, pp. 5–30. (In Russ.)

6. “’Dnevnik’ Leonida Andreeva” [“’The Dairy’ by Leonid Andreev”], publ. by N.P. Generalova. Literaturnyi arkhiv: Materialy po istorii russkoi literatury i obshchestvennoi mysli [Literary Archive: Materials on the History of Russian Literature and Social Thought]. St. Petersburg, 1994, pp. 247–294. (In Russ.)

7. Ken, L.N., Rogov, L.E. Zhizn` Leonida Andreeva, rasskazannaia im samim i ego sovremennikami [ The Life of Leonid Andreev, Told by Himself and His Contemporaries]. St. Petersburg, OOO “Izdatel'sko-poligraficheskaia kompaniia “KOSTA” Publ., 2010. 430 p. (In Russ.)

8. Kozmenko, M.V. “Artur Shopengauer v rannikh dnevnikakh i pozdneishikh proizvedeniiakh Leonida Andreeva: K probleme korreliatsii filosofskoi i khudozhestvennoi kartin mirozdaniia” [“Arthur Schopenhauer in the Early Diaries and Later Works of Leonid Andreev: On the Problem of the Correlation of Philosophical and Artistic Pictures of the Universe”]. Izvestiia RAN. Seriia literatury i iazyka, no. 6, 2010, pp. 21–30. (In Russ.)

9. Kozmenko, M.V. “Pisatel’ Pol’ Burzhe i gimnazist Leonid Andreev: (Krug chteniia i paradigmy povedeniia i pis’ma)” [“The Novelist Paul Bourget and the Schoolboy Leonid Andreev (Choice of Reading Matter and its Influence on Behaviour and Writing Practice)”]. Novyi filologicheskii vestnik, no. 3 (10), 2009, pp. 108–116. (In Russ.)

10. Kozmenko, M.V. “E. fon Gartman i L.N. Andreev: pereklichki dvukh pessimizmov. Stat’ia 1” [“E. von Hartmann and L.N. Andreev: Exchanges Between the Two Pessimisms. Article 1”]. Russkaia literatura, no. 3, 2021, pp. 53–64. (In Russ.)

11. Fatov, N.N. Molodye gody Leonida Andreeva [The Early Years of Leonid Andreev]. Moscow, Zemlia i fabrika Publ., 1924. 368 p. (In Russ.)