УДК / UDK: 821.161.1.0

2024. no. 2 (32) 

Author: Nikolaev, D.D.
About the author:

Dmitry D. Nikolaev, DSc in Philology, Leading Research Fellow, A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Povarskaya St., 25A, bld. 1, 121069 Moscow, Russia. 


E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 


The article examines the literary-critical and journalistic reception of I.S. Shmelev’s works in the USSR, along with the history of publication and interpretation of his works in the pre-war period. The subject of the analysis is the corpus of articles, essays, and reviews published in the newspapers “Pravda,” “Izvestiia,” “Literaturnaia Gazeta,” the journals “Pechat’ i Revoliutsiia,” “Krasnaia Nov,” “Prozhektor,” “Biulleten’ Knigi,” etc., collections of works by Shmelev, adstracts dedicated to him in the “Histories of Russian Literature” by V.L. Lvov- Rogachevsky, V.E. Evgeniev-Maksimov, B.V. Mikhailovsky, and others mentions of the writer’s name in the central Soviet press. Shmelev actively published until 1929, despite the writer’s anti-Soviet position in emigration. The negative reviews that began to appear in the USSR after the publication of the “Solntse Mertvykh” did not delete Shmelev’s name from the history of literature and the modern literary process. He was still considered one of the most significant Russian writers and even included in the study program of universities.

Keywords: I.S. Shmelev, reception, literary criticism, journalism, B.V. Mikhailovsky, V.L. Lvov-Rogachevsky.
For citation:

Nikolaev, D.D. “Shmelev in the USSR. (Chapter One: Editions and Reception in Pre-War Period).” Literaturnyi fakt, no. 2 (32), 2024, pp. 263–291. (In Russ.) 


1. Evgen’ev-Maksimov, V. Ocherki istorii noveishei russkoi literatury [Essays on the History of Modern Russian Literature]. 4th ed. Moscow. Leningrad, Gosudarstvennoe izdatel’stvo Publ., 1927. 336 p. (In Russ.) 

2. L’vov-Rogachevskii, V. Noveishaia russkaia literatura [The Modern Russian Literature]. Moscow, Izdanie Vserossiiskogo Tsentral’nogo Soiuza Potrebitel’skikh Obshchestv Publ., 1922 [1923 on cover]. 324 + IV p. (In Russ.) 

3. Mikhailovskii, B.V. Russkaia literatura XX veka s devianostykh godov XIX veka do 1917 g. [Russian Literature of the 20th Century from the 90s of the 19th Century to 1917]. Moscow, Gosudarstvennoe uchebno-pedagogicheskoe izdatel’stvo Narkomprosa RSFSR Publ., 1939. 420 p. (In Russ.) 

4. Nikolaev, D.D. “Kommentarii” [“Comments”]. Publitsistika I.A. Bunina (1918– 1952 godov) [ I.A. Bunin’s Journalism (1918–1952)]. Moscow, Nasledie Publ., 1998, pp. 535–581. (In Russ.) 

5. Nikolaev, D.D. “Tvorchestvo I.S. Shmeleva v russkoi kritike 1920-kh gg.” [“I.S. Shmelev’s Works in Russian Ccriticism of the 1920s”]. Nasledie I.S. Shmeleva: problemy izucheniia i izdaniia [ I.S. Shmelev’s Heritage: Problems of Study and Publication]. Moscow, IWL RAS Publ., 2007, pp. 368–380. (In Russ.) 

6. Os’minina, E.A. Problemy tvorcheskoi evoliutsii I.S. Shmeleva [ Problems of I.S. Shmelev’s Creative Evolution: PhD Dissertation]. Moscow, 1993. 166 p. (In Russ.) 

7. Sheshunova, S.V. “Ivan Shmelev kak revoliutsionnyi agitator” [“Ivan Shmelev as a Revolutionary Agitator”]. [Transformations of Russian Classics]. Available at: (Accessed 04 February 2024). (In Russ.)