DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22455/2541-8297-2024-32-52-89 

EDN:

https://elibrary.ru/BXWRFN 

УДК / UDK: 821.161.1.0
Issue:

2024 № 2 (32)

Author: Fedotova, S.V.
About the author:

Svetlana V. Fedotova, DSc in Philology, Leading Research Fellow, А.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Povarskaya St., 25A, bld. 1, 121069 Moscow, Russia. 

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9991-4966 

E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 

Abstract:

The article examines A. Blok’s response to a questionnaire of the Union of Fiction Figures (UFF), written in May 1918 for a one-day newspaper on the theme “The Ways for the Revival of Russia” (not published). The analysis of the state of the issue reveals insufficient study level of the history of the text and contradictory information about it in the research literature. The article proposes to analyze Blok’s note in the context of his attitude to the UFF in 1918 on the material of unknown correspondence between Union activists (F. Sologub, S. Kondurushkin, An. Chebotarevskaya, etc.). The published set of letters for the first time makes it possible to concretize the history of the making of UFF, to reconstruct the main idea of the newspaper, and the reasons that prevented its implementation. It turns out that in addition to objective reasons (closing of non-Bolshevik publications, problems with printers), there were also internal ones, in particular, the refusal of the newspaper editor to further edit because of the heterogeneity of the collected material. The article assumes that Blok’s note played no last role in this decision since the poet deliberately contradicted the main idea of the newspaper by replacing the survey question “What should a Russian citizen do now?” with the one “What should an artist do now?” The presented research proves that Blok’s “answer” was of polemical way, firstly, towards the creative intelligentsia protesting against the Bolsheviks; and secondly, towards the writers who declared a boycott of him after the publishing of his poem “The Twelve.” 

Keywords: A. Blok, F. Sologub, S. Kondurushkin, An. Chebotarevskaya, Union of Artists, Union of Fiction Figures, response to a questionnaire, one-day newspaper, correspondence, textology.
For citation:

Fedotova, S.V. “To the History of A. Blok’s Response to the UFF Questionnaire (1918): Based on the Correspondence of F. Sologub, S. Kondurushkin and Others.” Literaturnyi fakt, no. 2 (32), 2024, pp. 52–89. (In Russ.) https://doi. org/10.22455/2541-8297-2024-32-52-89 

References:

1. Belous, V.G. “ʽBlizhaishii i mnogoletnii sotrudnik moi po istoriko-literaturnym rabotam.ʼ O Dmitrii Mikhailoviche Pinese (1891–1937)” [“ʽMy Closest and Long- Term Assistant in Historical and Literary Works.’ About Dmitry Mikhailovich Pines (1891–1937)”]. Ivanov-Razumnik. Lichnost’. Tvorchestvo. Rol’ v kul’ture: Publikatsii i issledovaniia [Ivanov-Razumnik. Personality. Creative Work. Role in Culture: Publications and Research], issue 2. St. Petersburg, Glagol Publ., 1998, pp. 217–227. (In Russ.) 

2. Bernshtein, L., and E. Nekliudova. “Kursivnyi shrift epokhi. Pochtovaia proza iz arkhiva Iu.L. Obolenskoi” [“Italic Font of the Era. Postal Prose from the Archives of Yu.L. Obolenskaya”]. Nashe nasledie, no. 121, 2017. Available at: http://www.nasledie-rus.ru/podshivka/12108.php (Accessed 11 March 2024). (In Russ.) 

3. Blok, A.A. Zapisnye knizhki 1901–1920 [Notebooks. 1901–1920], comp., text prep., preface and notes by Vl. Orlov. Moscow, Khudozhestvennaia literatura Publ., 1965. 664 p. (In Russ.) 

4. Blok, A.A. Sobranie sochinenii: v 8 t. Collected Works: in 8 vols.], ed. by V.N. Orlov, A.A. Surkov, and K.I. Chukovsky. Moscow, Leningrad, Khudozhestvennaia literatura Publ., 1960–1963. (In Russ.)

5. Dinershtein, E.A. “A.K. Voronskii. Iz perepiski s sovetskimi pisateliami” [“From Correspondence with Soviet Writers”]. Literaturnoe nasledstvo [Literary Heritage], vol. 93: Iz istorii sovetskoi literatury 1920–1930-kh godov [From the History of Soviet Literature of the 1920–1930s]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1983, pp. 531–616. (In Russ.) 

6. Ivanova, E.V. Aleksandr Blok: poslednie gody zhizni [Alexander Blok: Last Years of Life]. St. Petersburg, Rostok Publ., 2012. 604 p. (In Russ.) 

7. Muromskii, V.P., editor. Iz istorii literaturnykh ob”edinenii Petrograda-Leningrada 1910–1930-kh gg.: Issledovaniia i materialy [From the History of Literary Associations of Petrograd-Leningrad in the 1910s–1930s: Research and Materials], book 1. St. Petersburg, Nauka Publ., 2002. 389 p. (In Russ.) 

8. “Iz neizdannykh tekstov Aleksandra Bloka” [“From Unpublished Texts by Alexander Blok”], report by Vl. Orlov. Literaturnoe nasledstvo [Literary Heritage], vol. 27/28. Moscow, Gazetno-zhurnal’noe ob”edinenie Publ., 1937, pp. 675–682. (In Russ.) 

9. Lavrov, A.V. Etiudy o Bloke [Sketches About Blok]. St. Petersburg, Ivan Limbakh Publ., 2000. 320 p. (In Russ.) 

10. Letopis’ zhizni i tvorchestva I.A. Bunina (1910–1919) [Chronicle of I.A. Bunin’s Life and Work (1910–1919)], vol. 2, comp. S.N. Morozov. Moscow, IWL RAS Publ., 2017. 1184 p. (In Russ.) 

11. Literaturnaia zhizn’ Rossii 1920-kh godov. Sobytiia. Otzyvy sovremennikov. Bibliografiia [Literary Life in Russia in the 1920s. Events. Reviews from Contemporaries. Bibliography], vol. 1, part 1: Moskva i Petrograd. 1917–1920 gg. [Moscow and Petrograd. 1917–1920]. Moscow, IWL RAS Publ., 2006. 768 p. (In Russ.) 

12. Maksimov, D.E. Poeziia i proza Al. Bloka Poetry and Prose of Al. Blok]. Leningrad, Sovetskii pisatel’ Publ., 1981. 552 p. (In Russ.) 

13. Pavlova, M.M. “ʽPutevodnaia nit’’: poeticheskoe tvorchestvo Fedora Sologuba poslednego desiatiletiia v kontekste biografii” [“ʽGuiding Thread’: The Poetic Work of Fyodor Sologub of the Last Decade in the Biographical Context”]. Sologub, F. Polnoe sobranie stikhotvorenii i poem: v 3 t. [Complete Collection of Poems: in 3 vols.], vol. 3, ed. prep. by M.M. Pavlova. St. Petersburg, Nauka Publ., 2020, pp. 591–659. (In Russ.) 

14. Pavlova, M.M. “Fedor Sologub: Vystuplenie v Akademii khudozhestv 31 marta 1917 goda” [“Fyodor Sologub: Performance at the Academy of Arts on March 31, 1917”]. De Visu, no. 1/2, 1994, pp. 40–43. (In Russ.) 

15. “Perepiska s S.S. Kondurushkinym” [“Correspondence with S.S. Kondurushkin”], preface, publ. and comm. by V.N. Chuvakov. Literaturnoe nasledstvo [Literary Heritage], vol. 95: Gor’kii i russkaia zhurnalistika nachala XX veka: Neizdannaia perepiska [Gorky and Russian Journalism of the Early 20th Century: Unpublished Correspondence]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1988, pp. 944–987. (In Russ.) 

16. Rokitianskii, Ia., and R. Miuller. Krasnyi dissident. Akademik D.B. Riazanov — opponent Lenina, zhertva Stalina. Biograficheskii ocherk. Dokumenty Red Dissident. Academician D.B. Ryazanov as an Opponent of Lenin and a Victim of Stalin. Biographical Essays. Documents]. Moscow, Academia Publ., 1996. 464 p. (In Russ.)

17. Sobolev, A.L. “Pis’ma Fedora Sologuba V.Ia. Briusovu” [“Letters from Fyodor Sologub to V.Ya. Bryusov”]. Sobolev, A.L. Leteiskaia biblioteka: v 2 t. [Lethean Library: in 2 vols.], vol. 2. Moscow, Truten’ Publ, 2013, pp. 320–372. (In Russ.) 

18. Chukovskii, K.I. Sobranie sochinenii: v 15 t. Collected Works: in 15 vols.] 2nd ed., corr. Moscow, Agentstvo FTM Publ., 2012–2013. (In Russ.) 

19. Shirmakov, P.P. “K istorii literaturno-khudozhestvennykh ob”edinenii pervykh let sovetskoi vlasti: Soiuz deiatelei khudozhestvennoi literatury (1918–1919 gg.)” [“On the History of Literary and Artistic Associations of the First Years of Soviet Power: Union of Fiction Figures (1918–1919)”]. Voprosy sovetskoi literatury [Issues of Soviet Literature], vol. 7. Moscow, Leningrad, Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union Publ., 1958, pp. 454–475. (In Russ.)