УДК / UDK: 821.161.1.0

2023 №28

Author: Marina Iu. Lyubimova
About the author:

Marina Iu. Liubimova — DSc in Cultural studies, Leading Research Fellow, National Library of Russia, Sadovaya St., 18, 191069 St. Petersburg, Russia.


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Author 2: Yakov D. Chechnev
About the author 2:

Yakov D. Chechnev — PhD in Philology, Senior Researcher, A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Povarskaya 25 a, 121069 Moscow, Russia.


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The article examines the creative biography of the translator and librarian of the Public Library, a student of M.L. Lozinsky, Maria Nikitichna Ryzhkina (married Petersen; 1998–1984), the first translator of M. Proust’s novel Towards Swann. Special attention is paid to her activities in the publishing house “World Literature” (“Vsemirnaya Literatura”), where she is under her own name and under the pseudonym “M. Elagina” published, in addition to excerpts from M. Proust’s novel Towards Swann, the novels of R. Rolland Cola Brunion, The Enchanted Soul, A. Bero The Sufferings of a Fat Man and M. Marx The Woman, collections of short stories The Man is Kind by L. Frank and Timur by K. Edschmid, plays by G. Buchner The Death of Danton and Woyzeck. The authors of the article examine archival documents from the collections of the Russian National Library: the personal file of M.N. Ryzhkina (Petersen) and her diary (1920–1921); as well as her memoirs written in the 1980s and covering almost the entire life path, from the Archival Collection of the House of the Russian Abroad. The article gives numerous fragments from these sources. The information significantly complements the already known facts (according to other sources) about the work of M.L. Lozinsky’s Translation Studio, about his method of “collective translation,” about the relationship of students. The appendix contains archival documents from the personal file of M.N. Ryzhkina (Petersen) about her life in the period from 1919 to 1941.

Acknowledgements: The research was carried out at IWL RAS with the financial support of the Russian Science Foundation (project no. 21-18-00494: “The History of the ʽWorld Literature’ Publishing House in documents: the fate of Russian creative intelligentsia in the postrevolutionary space through the prism of Maxim Gorky’s publishing project”).

Keywords: M.N. Ryzhkina (M.N. Petersen, M. Elagina), “World Literature,” M.L. Lozinsky, M. Proust, R. Rolland, M. Marx, L. Frank, K. Edschmidt.
For citation:

Lyubimova, M.Y., Chechnev Ya.D. “Maria Nikitichna Ryzhkina as a Translator of the Publishing House ʽWorld Literature’ (Marcel Proust and Others).” Literaturnyi fakt, no. 2 (28), 2023, pp. 218–240. (In Russ.)


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