DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22455/2541-8297-2021-21-48-107 

Issue:

2021 №21

Author: Alexander V. Lavrov
УДК / UDK: 821.161.1.0
About the author:

Alexander V. Lavrov, DSc in Philology, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Director of Research, Institute of Russian Literature (Pushkin House) of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Makarov Emb., 4, 199034 St. Petersburg, Russia.

Author ID SCOPUS: 56735870700.

E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 

Abstract:

The publication is dedicated to Mikhail Likiardopulo’s place in the literary life of the 1900–1910s and his relationship with Valery Bryusov. An active journalist, translator of new English prose (Oscar Wilde, H.G. Wells), from 1906 Likiardopulo worked as a secretary of the Symbolist magazine “Vesy” (1904–1909), the actual editor of which was Bryusov. A significant part of Likiardopulo's letters, informing the correspondent “about political and literary events”, is devoted to the literary spite of the day and makes it possible to perceive the behind-the-scenes side of events and phenomena reflected on the pages of the capital's magazines and newspapers. In 1917 he left for the diplomatic service abroad; the last of the published letters (1923) was sent by him from England, where Likiardopulo died in 1925. The published texts are provided with a detailed historical and literary commentary.

Keywords: correspondence of writers, M. Likiardopulo, V. Bryusov, literature of modernism, magazine “Libra”, publications of the Symbolists, periodicals, archival materials.
For citation:

Lavrov, A.V. “ʽAs Bryusov’s Equal’: M.F. Likiardopulo’s Letters to V.Ya. Bryusov.” Literaturnyi fakt, 2021, no. 3 (21), pp. 48–107. https://doi.org/10.22455/2541-8297-2021-21-48-107 

References:

1. Azadovskii, K.M. “Maksimilian Shik i ego pis'ma iz Germanii (1903–1907)” [“Maximilian Schick and His Letters from Germany (1903–1907)”]. Azadovskii, K.M. Siuzhety i sud'by: Nemetsko-russkie otrazheniia [Stories and Destinies: German-Russian Reflections]. Moscow, Litfakt Publ., 2019, pp. 140–167. (In Russ.)

2. Azadovskii K.M. Ril'ke i Rossiia: Stat'i i publikatsii [Rilke and Russia: Articles and Publications]. Moscow, Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie Publ., 2011. 419 p. (In Russ.)

3. Azadovskii, K.M., Maksimov, D.E. “Briusov i ‘Vesy’ (K istorii izdaniia)” [“Bryusov and ‘Vesy’ (On the Publication History)”]. Literaturnoe nasledstvo [Literary Heritage], vol. 85: Valerii Briusov [Valery Bryusov]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1976, pp. 257–324. (In Russ.)

4. Andreev, L.N. Polnoe sobranie sochinenii i pisem: v 23 t. [Complete Works and Letters: in 23 vols.], vol. 5. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 2012. 796 p. (In Russ.)

5. Ashukin, N.S., Shcherbakov, R.L. Briusov [Bryusov]. Moscow, Molodaia gvardiia Publ., 2006. 689 p. (In Russ.)

6. Bely, A. Nachalo veka. Berlinskaia redaktsiia (1923) [Beginning of the Century. Berlin Version (1923)], prep. by A.V. Lavrov. St. Petersburg, Nauka Publ., 2014. 1063 p. (In Russ.)

7. Bely, A. Sobranie sochinenii [ Collected Works], vol. 13: Mezhdu dvukh revoliutsii [Between Two Revolutions], ed. by A.V. Lavrov. Moscow, Dmitrii Sechin Publ., 2018. 574 p. (In Russ.)

8. Blok, A.A. Polnoe sobranie sochinenii i pisem: v 20 t. [Complete Works and Letters: in 20 vols.], vol. 8. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 2010. 602 p. (In Russ.)

9. Bogomolov, N.A. Vokrug “serebrianogo veka”: stat'i i materialy [Around the “Silver Age”: Articles and Materials]. Moscow, Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie Publ., 2010. 708 p. (In Russ.)

10. Bogomolov, N.A. Ot Pushkina do Kibirova: Stat'i o russkoi literature, preimushchestvenno o poezii [From Pushkin to Kibirov: Articles on Russian Literature, Mainly Poetry]. Moscow, Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie Publ., 2004. 623 p. (In Russ.)

11. Briusov, V. Dnevniki. 1891–1910 [ Diaries. 1891–1910], prep. by I.M. Briusova, notes by N.S. Ashukin. Moscow, M. i S. Sabashnikovy Publ., 1927. 211 p. (In Russ.)

12. Valerii Briusov — Nina Petrovskaia. Perepiska. 1904–1913 [Valery Bryusov — Nina Petrovskaya. Correspondence. 1904–1913], introd., text prep. and comm. by N.A. Bogomolov and A.V. Lavrov. Moscow, Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie Publ., 2004. 771 p. (In Russ.)

13. Vera Fedorovna Komissarzhevskaia: Pis'ma aktrisy. Vospominaniia o nei. Materialy [Vera Fedorovna Komissarzhevskaya: Letters of an Actress. Memoirs of Her. Materials]. Leningrad, Moscow, Iskusstvo Publ., 1964. 423 p. (In Russ.)

14. Vinogradskaia, I. Zhizn' i tvorchestvo K. S. Stanislavskogo. Letopis' [Life and Work of K.S. Stanislavsky. Chronicle], vol. 2: 1906–1915. Moscow, Vserossiiskoe teatral’noe obshchestvo Publ., 1971. 511 p. (In Russ.)

15. “Viacheslav Ivanov i Valerii Briusov. Neizdannaia perepiska” [“Vyacheslav Ivanov and Valery Bryusov. Unpublished Correspondence”], publ. by A.L. Sobolev. Viacheslav Ivanov. Issledovaniia i materialy [Vyacheslav Ivanov. Studies and Materials], issue 2. St. Petersburg, Pushkinskii dom Publ., 2016, pp. 277–385. (In Russ.)

16. Glukhova, E. “Andrei Belyi i perevody Ellisa iz Verkharna” [“Andrei Bely and Ellis’s Translations from Verhaeren”]. Literaturnyi fakt, no. 4, 2017, pp. 208–224. DOI: 10.22455/2541-8297-2017-4-208-224 (In Russ.)

17. Glukhovskaia, E.A. “Intsident s Ellisom v kontekste russkogo simvolizma: k istorii odnogo (okolo)literaturnogo skandala” [“The Incident with Ellis in the Context of Russian Symbolism: On the History of a (Near)Literary Scandal”]. Russkaia literatura, no. 1, 2012, pp. 137–148. (In Russ.)

18. Glukhovskaia, E. “Sensatsiia i kleveta. Gazetnye napadki na Ellisa letom 1909 goda” [“Sensation and Slander. Newspaper Attacks on Ellis in the Summer of 1909”]. Russkii modernizm i ego nasledie. Kollektivnaia monografiia v chest' 70-letiia N.A. Bogomolova [Russian Modernism and Its Heritage. Collective Monograph to the 70th Anniversary of N.A. Bogomolov], ed. by A.Yu. Sergeeva-Kliatis, M.Yu. Edelstein. Moscow, Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie Publ., 2021, pp. 24–35. (In Russ.)

19. Gollerbakh, E. Khleb da sol'. Iz istorii rossiiskogo germanofil'stva: Peterburgskoe izdatel'stvo “Panteon” v preddverii Pervoi mirovoi voiny [Bread and Salt. From the History of Russian Germanophilism: St. Petersburg Publishing House “Pantheon” on the Eve of the First World War]. St. Petersburg, Izdatel'stvo im. N.I. Novikova Publ., 2016. 512 p. (In Russ.)

20. Guenther, J. von. Zhizn' na vostochnom vetru. Mezhdu Peterburgom i Miunkhenom [Life in the East Wind. Between St. Petersburg and Munich], trans. from German., introd., comm. by Yu. Arkhipov. Moscow, Molodaia gvardiia Publ., 2010. 488 p. (In Russ.)

21. D'iakonov (Stavrogin), A. “Aleksandr Blok v Teatre Komissarzhevskoi” [“Alexander Blok in Komissarzhevskaya’s Theatre”]. O Komissarzhevskoi. Zabytoe i novoe: Vospominaniia. Stat'i. Pis'ma [About Komissarzhevskaya. Forgotten and New: Memoirs. Articles. Letters]. Moscow, Vserossiiskoe teatral’noe obshchestvo Publ., 1965, pp. 81–116. (In Russ.)

22. Ermakov, A.F. “ʽObrazovanie’.” [“ʽObrazovanie’.”]. Russkaia literatura i zhurnalistika nachala XX veka. 1905–1917. Bol'shevistskie i obshchedemokraticheskie izdaniia [Russian Literature and Journalism of the Early 20th Century. 1905–1917. Bolshevik and General Democratic Editions]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1984, pp. 83–117. (In Russ.)

23. Erofeev, I.Iu. “Literaturnoe nasledie O. Uail'da v zhurnale ‘Vesy’ i rol' M.F. Likiardopulo v ego osvoenii” [“O. Wilde's Literary Heritage in the Journal ‘Vesy’ and M.F. Likiardopulo’s Role in Its Acquisition”]. Nauka o cheloveke: gumanitarnye issledovaniia, no. 2 (10), 2012, pp. 200–203. (In Russ.)

24. Il'ev, S. “Valerii Briusov i Uil'iam Morfill” [“Valery Bryusov and William Morfill”]. V. Briusov i literatura kontsa XIX–XX veka [ V. Bryusov and Literature of the Late 19–20 Centuries]. Stavropol, Stavropol'skaia pravda Publ., 1979, pp. 90–106. (In Russ.)

25. “Iogannes fon Giunter i ego ‘Vospominaniia’.” [“Johannes von Guenther and his ‘Memoirs’.”], article, publ., notes and transl. by K.M. Azadovsky. Literaturnoe nasledstvo [Literary Heritage], vol. 92: Aleksandr Blok. Novye materialy i issledovaniia [Alexander Blok. New Materials and Studies], book 5. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1993, pp. 330–361. (In Russ.)

26. Kovalev, Iu.V. “Russkii perevodchik Gerberta Uellsa (Mikhail Likiardopulo)” [“Russian Translator of H.G. Wells (Mikhail Likiardopulo)”]. Sovetskie arkhivy, no. 1, 1967, pp. 73–80. (In Russ.)

27. Kuzmin, M. Dnevnik 1908–1915 [Diary 1908–1915], introd., text prep. and comm. by N.A. Bogomolov and S.V. Shumikhin. St. Petersburg, Izdatel'stvo Ivana Limbakha Publ., 2005. 862 p. (In Russ.)

28. Lavrov, A.V., Maksimov, D.E. “ʽVesy’.” [“ʽVesy’.”]. Russkaia literatura i zhurnalistika nachala XX veka. 1905–1917. Burzhuazno-liberal'nye i modernistskie izdaniia [Russian Literature and Journalism of the Early 20th Century. 1905–1917. Bourgeois Liberal and Modernist Editions]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1984, pp. 65–136. (In Russ.)

29. Lavrov, A.V. Russkie simvolisty: Etiudy i razyskaniia [Russian Symbolists: Studies and Discoveries]. Moscow, Progress-Pleiada Publ., 2007. 631 p. (In Russ.)

30. Likiardopulo, M.F. “Pis'ma M.A. Kuzminu” [“Letters to M.A. Kuzmin”], publ., text prep., introd. and notes by N.A. Bogomolov. De visu, no. 5 (6), 1993, pp. 5–11. (In Russ.)

31. Literaturnoe nasledstvo [Literary Heritage], vol. 82: A.V. Lunacharskii. Neizdannye materialy [A.V. Lunacharsky. Unpublished Materials]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1970. 672 p. (In Russ.)

32. Literaturnoe nasledstvo [Literary Heritage]. vol. 85: Valerii Briusov [Valery Bryusov]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1976. 854 p. (In Russ.)

33. Literaturnoe nasledstvo [Literary Heritage], vol. 92: Aleksandr Blok. Novye materialy i issledovaniia [Alexander Blok. New Materials and Studies], book 1–5. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1980–1993. (In Russ.)

34. Literaturnoe nasledstvo [Literary Heritage], vol. 98: Valerii Briusov i ego korrespondenty [Valery Bryusov and His Correspondents], book 1–2. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1991–1994. (In Russ.)

35. Literaturnyi arkhiv. Materialy po istorii literatury i obshchestvennogo dvizheniia [Literary Archive. Materials on the History of Literature and Social Movement], vol. 1. Moscow, Leningrad, Izdatel'stvo AN SSSR Publ., 1938. 488 p. (In Russ.)

36. Loks, K. “Povest' ob odnom desiatiletii (1907–1917)” [“A Tale of a Decade (1907–1917)”], publ. by E.V. Pasternak and K.M. Polivanov. Minuvshee: Istoricheskii al'manakh [The Past: Historical Almanac], issue 15. Moscow, St. Petersburg, Atheneum Publ., Feniks Publ., 1994, pp. 7–162. (In Russ.)

37. Nikolaev, A.R. “Vikentii Pashukanis — ‘zaveduiushchii kommercheskoi chast'iu’ izdatel'stva ‘Musaget’.” [“Vikentiy Pashukanis, ‘Head of the Commercial Department’ of the Musaget Publishing House”]. Knigoizdatel'stvo “Musaget”. Istoriia. Mify. Rezul'taty: Issledovaniia i materialy [ Musaget Publishing House. History. Myths. Results: Studies and Materials]. Moscow, RGGU Publ., 2014, pp. 178–185. (In Russ.)

38. Pavlova, T.V. “Oskar Uail'd v russkoi literature (konets XIX – nachalo XX v.) [“Oscar Wilde in Russian Literature (Late 19th – Early 20th Century)”]. Na rubezhe XIX i XX vekov. Iz istorii mezhdunarodnykh sviazei russkoi literatury: Sbornik nauchnykh trudov [At the Turn of the 20th Century. From the History of International Relations of Russian Literature: Collection of Scientific Papers]. Leningrad, Nauka Publ., 1991, pp. 77–128. (In Russ.)

39. Pasternakб L. Zametki ob iskusstve. Perepiska [ Notes on Art. Correspondence]. Moscow, Azbukovnik Publ., 2013. 799 p. (In Russ.)

40. Pisateli simvolistskogo kruga: Novye materialy [Writers of the Symbolist Circle: New Materials]. St. Petersburg, Dmitrii Bulanin Publ., 2003. 511 p. (In Russ.)

41. “Pis'ma R. Val'tera Bloku” [“R. Walter’s Letters to Blok”], publ. by V.V. Dudkin. Literaturnoe nasledstvo [Literary Heritage], vol. 92: Aleksandr Blok. Novye materialy i issledovaniia [Alexander Blok. New Materials and Studies], book 5. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1993, pp. 305–308. (In Russ.)

42. Poliakov, F. “Avtografy simvolistskogo kruga v arkhive Reingol'da fon Val'tera (I)” [“Autographs of the Symbolist Circle in Reinhold von Walter Collection (I)”]. Na rubezhe dvukh stoletii: Sb. v chest' 60-letiia A.V. Lavrova [At the Turn of the Century: A Collecrion to the 60th Anniversary of A.V. Lavrov]. Moscow, Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie Publ., 2009, pp. 574–582. (In Russ.)

43. Rene Gil' — Valerii Briusov. Perepiska. 1904–1915 [René Ghil — Valery Bryusov. Correspondence. 1904–1915], publ., introd. and comm. by R. Dubrovkin. St. Petersburg, Akademicheskii proekt Publ., 2005. 510 p. (In Russ.)

44. Romaikina, Iu.S. Literaturno-khudozhestvennyi al'manakh izdatel'stva “Shipovnik” (1907–1917): tip izdaniia, integriruiushchii kontekst [Literary and Artistic Almanac of the Publishing House “Shipovnik” (1907–1917): Type of Edition, Integrating Context]. Saratov, Saratovskii istochnik Publ., 2018. 243 p. (In Russ.)

45. Mysliakov, V.A., editor. Russkaia intelligentsiia. Avtobiografii i biobibliograficheskie dokumenty v sobranii S.A. Vengerova: Annotirovannyi ukazatel': v 2 t. [Russian intelligentsia. Autobiographies and Biobibliographic Documents in S.A. Vengerov Collection: Annotated Index: in 2 vols.], vol. 1: A–L. St. Petersburg, Nauka Publ., 2001. 639 p. (In Russ.)

46. Rybakova, Iu.P. V.F. Komissarzhevskaia. Letopis' zhizni i tvorchestva [Komissarzhevskaya. Chronicle of Life and Work]. St. Petersburg, Rossiiskii institutt istorii iskusstv Publ., 1994. 520 p. (In Russ.)

47. Sadovskoi, B.A. “ʽVesy’ (Vospominaniia sotrudnika)” [“ʽVesy’ (Memoirs of an Employee)”], publ. by R.L. Shcherbakov. Minuvshee: Istoricheskii al'manakh [ The Past: Historical Almanac], issue 13. Moscow, St. Petersburg, Atheneum Publ., Feniks Publ., 1993, pp. 7–53. (In Russ.)

48. Sadovskoi, B. “Zapiski (1881–1916)” [“Notes (1881–1916)”], publ. by S.V. Shumikhin. Rossiiskii arkhiv: Istoriia Otechestva v svidetel'stvakh i dokumentakh XVIII–XX vv. [Russian Archives: History of the Fatherland in Evidence and Documents of the 18th–20th Centuries], issue I. Moscow, TRITE Publ., 1991, pp. 106–183. (In Russ.)

49. Semenov, M.N. Vakkh i Sireny [ Bacchus and the Sirens], comp., text prep. by V.I. Keidan. Moscow, Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie Publ., 2008. 680 p. (In Russ.)

50. Sobolev, A.L. Leteiskaia biblioteka [Lethean Library], vol. 2. Moscow, Truten' Publ., 2013. 441 p. (In Russ.)

51. Schruba, M. Literaturnye ob"edineniia Moskvy i Peterburga 1890–1917 godov: slovar' [ Literary Associations of Moscow and St. Petersburg in 1890–1917: Dictionary]. Moscow, Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie Publ., 2004. 440 p. (In Russ.)

52. Guenther, J. von. Ein Leben im Ostwind. Zwischen Petersburg und München: Erinnerungen. München, 1969. 499 S. (In German)

53. Nilsson, N.Å. “Eight Letters from Valerij Brjusov to Alfred Jensen”. Studia Slavica Gunnaro Gunnarsson sexagenario dedicata. (Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis. Studia Slavica Upsaliensia. 1). Göteborg, Stockholm, Uppsala, 1960, pp. 7–81. (In English)