DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22455/2541-8297-2021-20-115-130  

Issue:

2021 №20

Author: Veronika B. Zuseva-Özkan
УДК / UDK: 821.161.1.0
About the author:

Veronika B. Zuseva-Özkan, DSc in Philology, Leading Research Fellow, А.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of Russian Academy of Sciences, Povarskaya 25 а, 121069 Moscow, Russia.

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000- 0001-9537-108X

E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 

Abstract:

The article considers the unpublished play by Maria Levberg, a little known female writer of the Silver Age. Aleksandr Blok praised this drama entitled Danton; thanks to his efforts, it was performed in the Bolshoi Drama Theater in 1919. Danton is discussed in several articles by Blok (Bolshoi Drama Theater in the Next Season, of 19 May 1919, Tribune (Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus)) and in his correspondence; it is also mentioned in Blok’s notebooks. The author of the article analyzes all these mentions, reconstructs the history of interactions between Blok and Levberg. Some of her letters to the poet are published here for the first time. Blok’s notes on the typed copy of Danton, preserved at the Manuscript Department of the Institute of Russian Literature in Saint Petersburg, are described. The relationship between this version of the play and the version, preserved at the Russian State Archive of Literature and Arts in Moscow, is revealed. The author analyzes the plot and the system of characters, characterizes the concept of history expressed in Danton, and proposes the hypothesis why this play turned out to be so dear to Blok. Blok’s reviews on Danton are compared to those written by A.M. Remizov (who also welcomed the play, as well as other dramas by Levberg — Stones of Death and The Chevalier’s Epee) and by M.A. Kuzmin who displayed a more critical attitude. Finally, the place of this drama among Levberg’s works and her main themes and ideas are considered.

Keywords: M. Levberg, A. Blok, Danton, drama, Bolshoi Drama Theater, revolution.
For citation:

Zuseva-Özkan, V.B. “M.E. Levberg’s Play Danton as Perceived by А. Blok.” Literaturnyi fakt, no. 2 (20), 2021, pp. 115–130. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.22455/2541-8297-2021-20-115-130  

References:

1. Blok, A. Zapisnye knizhki. 1901–1920 [ Notebooks. 1901–1920], ed. by V.N. Orlov. Moscow, Khudozhestvennaia literatura Publ., 1965. 664 p. (In Russ.)

2. Blok, A. Sobranie sochinenii: v 8 t. [ Collected Works: in 8 vols.], eds. V.N. Orlov, A.A. Surkov, K.I. Chukovskii. Moscow, Leningrad, GIKhL Publ., 1960–1963. (In Russ.)

3. Zuseva-Ozkan, V.B. “P'esa M.E. Levberg ‛Danton’ (1919) i siuzhet o Iudifi” [“M.E. Levberg’s Play ‛Danton’ (1919) and the Story of Judith”]. Russkaia literatura, 2021. (In print). (In Russ.)

4. “Kamni Smerti. Dramaticheskoe ‛presto’ Dzhentile Ferrante. (Gentile Ferrante. Pietrae della morte. Presto dramatico.) – S ital'ianskogo. Perev. M. Levberg” [“Stones of Death. The Dramatic ‛Presto’ by Gentile Ferrante. Translated from Italian by M. Levberg”]. Russkaia mysl', no. 8, 1915, pp. 48–58. (In Russ.)

5. Kuzmin, M. “Danton” [“Danton”]. Zhizn' iskusstva, no. 171, 1919, p. 1. (In Russ.)

6. Kushlina, O.B. “Levberg Mariia Evgen'evna” [“Levberg Maria Yevgenyevna”]. Russkie pisateli. 1800–1917: Biograficheskii slovar' [Russian Writers. 1800–1917: Biographical Dictionary], vol. 3. Moscow, Bol'shaia rossiiskaia entsiklopediia Publ., 1994, p. 302. (In Russ.)

7. Remizov, A.M. “Danton. Mariia Levberg” [“Danton. Maria Levberg”]. Sobranie sochinenii [ Collected Works], vol. 12. St. Petersburg, Rostok Publ., 2016, pp. 590–594. (In= Russ.)

8. Semashkina, M.A. “Pis'ma M.E. Levberg M. Gor'komu (Po materialam Arkhiva A.M. Gor'kogo)” [“M.E. Levberg’s Letters to M. Gorki (Based on Materials of A.M. Gorki Archive)”]. Gor'kii. Neizvestnye stranitsy istorii (materialy i issledovaniia) [Gorki. Unknown Pages of History (Materials and Studies)], issue 12. Moscow, IWL RAS Publ., 2014, pp. 523–551. (In Russ.)

9. El'ston, L. “25 let Krymskogo teatra (1921–1946 gg.)” [“25 Years of Crimean Theatre (1921–1946)”]. Sovetskii Krym: Istoriko-kraevedcheskii i literaturno-khudozhestvennyi sbornik [Soviet Crimea: Historical and Regional Studies, Literature and Arts Collection], no. 3. Simferopol', Krasnyi Krym Publ., 1946, pp. 128–137. (In Russ.)