УДК / UDK: 821.161.1

2019 №11

About the author:

Alexander Rychkov, independent researcher, Moscow, Russia. E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


The paper focuses on a hypothesis (so far unproved) that in the Writer’s Diary (May-June 1877) F.M. Dostoevsky published a Latin extract from Johannes Lichtenberger’s Prognosticatio, he got from Vladimir Solovyev who made this extract while staying in London in 1875. To clarify the point, V. Solovyov’s extract "1528. Liechtenberger” taken from Lichtenberger’s edition is published herewith and introduced into scientific use. One can see that Solovyov used several abbreviations and compilations that are fully and exactly reproduced in the Writer’s Diary; it proves the fact that Solovyov’s Latin extract was the source for Dostoevsky. The paper analyses religious, philosophical, and prophetic context behind Lichtenberger’s fragments that attracted Russian thinkers in connection with speculations on the future of Christianity and Russia. One can trace in Solovyov’s philosophical heritage the echo of his encounter with Dostoevsky devoted to the interpretation of the prophesies; a special attention is paid to A Short Tale of the Antichrist. Solovyov’s Latin extract can be considered in relation to the theory of three ages by Joachim of Fiore and the Joachimite tradition, that was a basis both for Lichtenberger and Solovyov’s of Trinitarian historiosophy and metaphysics. The paper concludes with the analysis of a poetic fragment, created by Solovyov during his trip to London and comprising his first “intuitions of Sophia”, in connection with the problems under consideration. A vast bibliography is attached.

Keywords: Vladimir Solovyov, F.M. Dostoevsky, Solovyov’s manuscripts, Johannes Lichtenberger’s prophesies, theory of three ages by Joachim of Fiore, Trinitarian historiosophy, eschatology, Sophiology, prophetic traditions.
For citation:

Rychkov Alexander. Vladimir Solovyov’s Latin outline in Fedor Dostoevsky’s “The Writer’s Diary”: a scholarly myth or a literary fact? Literary fact, 2019, no. 1(11), pp. 431–451. (In Russ.)

DOI 10.22455/2541-8297-2019-11-431-451


Bocharov S.G. Leont’ev i Dostoevskii [Leont’ev and Dostoevsky]. Dostoevskii. Materialy i issledovaniia [Dostoevskii: Materials and  Studies].  St.  Petersburg,  1996, vol. 12, pp. 162–189. (In Russ.)

Grechishkin S.S. Arkhiv S.A. Poliakova [Archive of S.A. Polyakov]. Ezhegodnik Rukop. otdela Pushkinskogo Doma na 1978 god [Yearbook of the Manuscript Department of the Pushkin House for 1974]. Leningrad, 1980, pp. 3–22. (In Russ.)

Kibal’nik  S.A.  Spor  o  tserkovnom  sude  v  romane  “Brat’ia   Karamazovy”   (F.M. Dostoevskii i Vl. S. Solov’ev) [The Dispute About Church Court in the Novel “The Brothers Karamazov” (F.M. Dostoevsky and V.S. Solovyov)]. Problemy istoricheskoi poetiki, 2018, no 2, pp. 140–155. (In Russ.)

Kociszewska E. “Vaticinium de coniunctione Liliorum cum Aquila”: the prophecy from “Prognosticatio…” of Johann Lichtenberger and its interpretation for Henri de Valois. Odrodzenie i Reformacja w Polsce [= Renaissance and Reformation in Poland], 2013, vol. 57, № 1, pp. 168–183.

Kornblatt J.D., Rosenshield G. Vladimir Solovyov: Confronting Dostoevsky on the Jewish and Christian Questions. Journal of the American Academy  of  Religion,  2000, vol. 68, issue 1, pp. 69–98.

Kotel’nikov V.A. Teologiia istorii Ioakhima Florskogo v retseptsiiakh F. Dostoevskogo i Z. Krasin’skogo [In the Joachim's of Fiore theology of history in the receptions of

F. Dostoevsky and Z. Krasiński]. Voprosy filosofii, 2011, no. 4, pp. 122–127. (In Russ.)

Kotrelev N.V. Eskhatologiia u Vladimira Solov’eva (K istorii “Trekh razgovorov”) [Eschatology from Vladimir Solovyov (To history of the Three Conversations”)], Eskhatologicheskii  sbornik  [The  Eschatological  Collection].  St.   Petersburg,   2006, pp. 238–257. (In Russ.)

Kozyrev A.P.  Solov’ev i gnostiki [Solovyov and Gnostics]. Moscow, 2007. 544 p.  (In Russ.)

Kozyrev A.P. Mistika v tsepiakh razuma: Avtomaticheskie zapisi Vl. Solov’eva / Prilozhenie: Avtomaticheskie zapisi Vl. Solov’eva [Mysticism in the chains of the mind: Automatic recordings belonging to Vl. Solovyov. Appendix: Automatic recordings belonging to Vl. Solovyov]. Literatura i religiozno-filosofskaia mysl’ kontsa XIX–pervoi treti XX veka. K 165-letiiu Vl. Solov’eva [Literature and Religious-Philosophical Thought in the Late XIX and First Third of the XX Centuries. Celebrating Vladimir Solovi’ev’s 165th Birthday]. Moskow, 2018, pp. 117–156. (In Russ.)

Krasitskii Ia. Bog, chelovek i zlo. Issledovanie filosofii Vladimira Solov’eva [God, Man and Evil. A Study of Vladimir Solovyov’s Philosophy]. Moscow, 2009. 448 p. (In Russ.)

Kurze D. Johannes Lichtenberger (gest. 1503). Eine Studie zur Geschichte der Prophetie und Astrologie. Historische Studien, 379. Berlin, 1960. 100 p.

Kurze D. Popular astrology and prophecy in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries: Johannes Lichtenberger, “Astrologi hallucinati”: Stars and the end of the world in Luther’s time. Ed. P. Zambelli. Berlin; New York, 1986, pp. 177–193.

Maksimov M.V. Vl. Solov’ev i Ioakhim Florskii: istoriosofskie paralleli [Vl. Solovyov and Joachim of Fiore: historiosophical parallels]. Filosofskii al’manakh, 1998, no 1–2, pp. 254–262. (In Russ.)

Maksimov M.V. Traktat “Sofiia kak opyt istoriosofskoi propedevtiki: k voprosu o stanovlenii filosofsko-istoricheskoi kontseptsii Vl. Solov’eva [Treatise “Sophia as an experience of historiosophical propaedeutics]. Solov’evskie issledovaniia, 2001, issue 2, pp. 40–72. (In Russ.)

Mints Z.G. Iz rukopisnogo naslediia Vl. Solov’eva-poeta [From manuscript heritage from Vl. Solovyov as a poet]. Uchenye zapiski Tartuskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta 378; Trudy po russkoi i slavianskoi filologii, 24 [Proceedings of the Tartu State University 378 (Studies in Russian and Slavic Philology, 24)]. Tartu, 1975, pp. 372–395. (In Russ.)

Petrella G. La Pronosticatio di Johannes Lichtenberger: un testo profetico nell’Italia del Rinascimento. Udine, 2010. 208 p.

Reeves M. Joachimist Influences on the Idea of a Last World Emperor, Traditio, 1961, vol. 17, pp. 323–370.

Reeves M. The Influence of Prophecy in the Later Middle Ages: a Study in Joachimism. Oxford, 1969. 575 p.

Reeves M., Gould, W. Joachim of Fiore and the Myth of the Eternal Evangel in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. 2-e ed. Oxford, 2001. 435 p.

Rychkov A.L. Istoricheskii i religioznyi fon dramy “Roza i Krest” v universitetskom kruge obshcheniia i chteniia A. Bloka [Historical and religious context of Aleksandr Blok’s drama “The Rose and the Cross”]. Shakhmatovskii vestnik, issue 14: Aleksandr Blok. “Roza i Krest”: issledovaniia i interpretatsii [Aleksandr Blok. “The Rose and the Cross”: Research and Interpretations]. Moscow, 2017, pp. 29–66. (In Russ.)

Rychkov A.L. Vladimir Solov’ev i antikhristy Ioakhima Florskogo [Vladimir Solovyov and antichrist’s of Joachim of Fiore]. Solov’evskie issledovaniia, 2018, issue 3 (59), pp. 6–42. (In Russ.)

Rychkov A.L. Latinskaia vypiska Vl. Solov’eva iz “Pronosticatio” Ioganna Likhtenberga: ot  «Dnevnika  pisatelia»  F.M.  Dostoevskogo  do  «Trekh  razgovorov»  Vl. Solov’eva [Latin extract of Vl. Soloviev from the book Johannes Lichtenberger’s “Pronosticatio”: from F.M. Dostoevsky’s “The Writer’s Diary” to Vl. Solov’ev’s “Three Conversations”]. Solov’evskie issledovaniia, 2019, issue 1 (61), pp. 6–23. (In Russ.)

Sahlin C.L. Birgitta of Sweden and the Voice of Prophecy. Studies in Medieval Mysticism 3. Woodbridge, 2001. 266 p.

Strémooukhoff D. Vladimir Soloviev et son oeuvre messianique. Paris, 1935. 351 p. Solov’ev V.S. Stikhotvoreniia i shutochnye p’esy [Poems and Humorous Poems]. Leningrad, 1974. 350 p. (In Russ.)

Solov’ev V.S. Polnoe sobranie sochinenii i pisem v 20-ti tomakh. Tom 2: 1875–1877 [Complete collection of works and letters in 20 vol., Vol. 2: 1875–1877]. Moscow, 2000. 395 p. (In Russ.)

Veselovskii A.N. Kriticheskie i bibliograficheskie zametki [Critical and bibliographical notes]. Zhurnal Ministerstva narodnogo prosveshcheniia [Journal of the Ministry of National Education]. 1878, vol. 195 (1), pp. 155–186. (In Russ.)

Viktorovich V.A. Dostoevskii i Vl. Solov’ev [Dostoevsky and Vl. Solovyov]. Dostoevskii i mirovaia kul’tura. Al’manakh № 1 [Dostoevsky and World Culture: Almanac no 1]. St. Petersburg, 1993, Ch. II, pp. 5–31. (In Russ.)

Volgin   I.L.  Fragmenty  “Dnevnika  pisatelia”.  Publikatsiia,  vstupitel’naia  stat’ia    i kommentarii [Fragments of the Writer’s Diary. Publication, introduction and comments]. Literaturnoe nasledstvo [Literary Heritage]. Moscow, 1973, vol. 86, pp. 59–81. (In Russ.)

Zolotarev A.V. Spor Leont’eva i Solov’eva o khiliasticheskikh ideiakh Dostoevskogo: vkhozhdenie temy apokalipsisa v krug problem russkoi filosofii [Leontiev and Solovyov’s dispute about Dostoevsky’s chiliastic ideas: emergence of the theme of apocalypse among the problems of russian philosop]. Solov’evskie issledovaniia, 2018, issue 2 (58), pp. 6–20. (In Russ.)