2020 №16


УДК / UDK: 821.161.1
About the author:

Elena Takho-Godi, DSc in Philology, Professor of the Department of History of Russian Literature, Lomonosov Moscow State University; Leading Research Fellow, A.M. Gorky Institute of World Literature (IMLI), the Russian Academy of Sciences; Head of the Research Department, the Library-museum “A.F. Losev House”, Moscow, Russia. E-mail: takho-godi.elena@


The article compares for the first time the philosophical and aesthetic views on Russian literature and language of two prominent representatives of Russian abroad — the critic Yu.I. Aykhenvald (1872–1928) and the medievalist, interpreter of Russian classics P.M. Bitsilli (1879–1953). A full overview of factual materials identified to date is given, confirming the mutual interest of Yu.I. Aykhenvald and P.M. Bitsilli: documents from P.M. Bitsilli collection at the Institute of Russian literature (Pushkin House) of the RAS, Yu.I.Aykhenvald’s review from the Berlin newspaper “Rul'”on P.M. Bitsilli’s “Studies on Russian Poetry”, obituary of Yu.I. Aykhenvald, which was published by P.M. Bitsilli in the Sofia newspaper “Golos”. Among the issues raised are the impact which Aykhenvald’s immanent method of analyzing a literary text had on P.M. Bitsilli’s aesthetically individualizing method, the approaches of both authors to solving the morphology of Russian culture and philosophy of the nation, the connection of the Pushkin theme with thoughts about the fate of post-revolutionary Russia and Russian language in their works, which they articulated during the discussion of S. and A. Volkonsky’s book “In defense of the Russian language”.

Keywords: Yu.I. Aykhenvald, P.M. Bitsilli, Russian literature, language, aesthetics, Pushkin tradition, immanent method, philosophy of the nation, morphology of culture.
For citation:

Takho-Godi Elena. Yuly Aykhenvald and Petr Bitsilli: Reconstruction of the philosophical and aesthetic dialogue. Literaturnyi fakt, 2020, no. 2 (16), pp. 322–336.

DOI 10.22455 /2541-8297-2020-16-322-336


Annenkova I.V. Neizgnannaia mysl’. Filologiia P.M. Bitsilli [Unexiled thought. P.M. Bitsilli’s philology]. Moscow, Moscow University Publ., 2011, 146 p. (In Russ.)

Annenkova I.V. P.M. Bitsilli kak istorik i teoretik russkogo literaturnogo iazyka [P.M. Bitsilli as a historian and theorist of the Russian literary language]. Moscow, MSU Faculty of Journalism Publ., 2010, 107 p. (In Russ.)

Birman M.A. P.M. Bitsilli (1879–1953). Zhizn’ i tvorchestvo [P.M. Bitsilli (1879–1953). Life and work], Moscow, Vodolei Publ., 2018, 444 p. (In Russ.)

Bitsilli P.M. Izbrannye raboty po filologii [Selected works on philology], intro. V.P. Vomperskii, comp., ed., comment. V.P. Vomperskii, I.V. Annenkova. Moscow, Nasledie Publ., 1996, 707 p. (In Russ.)

Bitsilli P.M. Tragediia russkoi kul’tury. Issledovaniia. Stat’i. Retsenzii [The tragedy of Russian culture. Studies. Articles. Reviews], intro., comp., comment. M.A. Vasilyeva, ed. M.A. Vasilyeva, I. Olovyannikova. Moscow, Russkii put’ Publ., 2000. 608 p. (In Russ.)

Gerashko L.V., Kudriavtsev V.B. Fond professora P.M. Bitsilli v Rukopisnom otdele Pushkinskogo Doma [Professor P.M. Bitsilli collection at the Pushkin House Manuscript Department]. Ezhegodnik Rukopisnogo otdela Pushkinskogo Doma na 2005–2006 gody [Pushkin House Manuscript Department Annual for 2005–2006]. St. Petersburg, Dmitry Bulanin Publ., 2009, pp. 57–222. (In Russ.)

“Ia ochen’ slezhu za Vashimi otzyvami…” (Pis’ma V.F. Khodasevicha Iu.I. Aikhenval’du) [“I really follow your reviews...” (V.F. Khodasevich’s letters to Yu. I. Aykhenvald)], publ. E.M. Ben’. Vstrechi s proshlym [Meetings with the past], issue 7. Moscow, Sovetskaia Rossia Publ., 1990, pp. 89–102. (In Russ.)

Sovremennye zapiski (Parizh, 1920–1940). Iz arkhiva redaktsii [Sovremennye zapiski (Paris, 1920–1940). From the editorial archive], ed. O.A. Korostelev, M. Schruba. Vol. 1. Moscow, NLO Publ., 2011, 986 p. (In Russ.)

Takho-Godi E.A. Pushkin v filosofsko-esteticheskoi sisteme Iu.I. Aikhenval’da [Pushkin in Yu. I. Aykhenvald’s philosophical and aesthetic system]. Problemy istoricheskoi poetiki, 2020, vol. 18, no. 3. (no. 3, pp. 171–189 (In Russ.)

Vasil’eva M.A. “Esteticheskaia problema” v literaturovedenii P.M. Bitsilli: k postanovke voprosa [“Aesthetic problem” in the literary studies of P.M. Bizilli: (on the statement of the problem)]. Sibirskii filologicheskii zhurnal, 2009, no 1, pp. 109–117. (In Russ.)

Vasil’eva M.A. Put’ intuitsii [The path of intuition]. Bitsilli P.M. Tragediia russkoi kul'tury. Issledovaniia. Stat’i. Retsenzii [The tragedy of Russian culture. Studies. Articles. Reviews], intro., comp., comment. M.A. Vasilyeva, ed. M.A. Vasilyeva, I. Olovyannikova. Moscow, Russkiy put’ Publ., 2000, pp. 5–28. (In Russ.)